Section 3: The war comes to Australia
This critical package explores how Australia came to be involved in the Pacific War, the bombing of Pearl Harbour and the bombing of Darwin, along with aspects of Australia’s preparations for a possible Japanese invasion in 1942. Students will use audio sources, documents, photographs and craft activities to investigate these events.
- Activities about Japan’s Pacific campaign and the bombing of Darwin. Includes The Bombing of Pearl Harbournewspaper article. Suggestions for sourcing audio-visual material and links to JCPML online resources are also included.
Distinguishing between the battlefront and the homefront
- Teacher’s guide to explaining two key concepts to students when introducing the subject of Australia’s role in World War II.
Australia at War with Japan – audio history
- ‘Australia at War with Japan’ speech by John Curtin – Audio and transcript of John Curtin’s announcement of war with Japan. (JCPML00282/1).
Declaration of War with Japan
- Student Question Sheet & Resources – Photocopy master for student cloze sheet about Japan’s role in the Pacific war and John Curtin’s ‘Australia at War with Japan’ speech. Includes the resources Japanese control of the Far East, 1942 map, John Curtin announcing the declaration of war with Japan radio transcript and Useful facts about Japan in World War II.
- Teachers answer sheet – answers for the student cloze activities.
Using Archive Resources – the Bombing of Darwin
Air Raid Precautions in World War II
- Air raid precautions photos – Photocopy master with photographs of preparation for air raids.
- You Must Take Air Raid Precautions advertisement – Advertisement on Trove website about blackout measures and air raid precautions in the home from The West Australian, 5 March 1942, p.8. Transcript and downloads available in left column.
- High Explosive and its Uses in Wartime pamphlet – Photocopy master for student resource. Facsimile of a 1941 publication.
- War Gases and Personal Protection Against Gas pamphlet – Photocopy master for student resource. Facsimile of a 1941 publication.
- Craft: Make a Model Gas Mask – Online instructions to make a wearable replica gas mask. Includes teacher/student notes about the use of gas masks in World War II.